Is Judaism the Law of Moses?

Judaism ritual handwashing

For the most part, Judaism is seen as being the Law of Moses, but is it? For the last few months I have been doing an ‘in-depth’ study as background for the next series of Biblical fiction novels. Basically, my curiosity was triggered by Jesus’ various confrontations with the Pharisees (or Sadducees, scribes and priests.) Since Jesus said ‘not one jot or tittle of the law would pass away’ until or unless heaven and earth pass away – why did He accuse the religious officials the way He did?

Well, my ‘researcher’ mind went into gear and I have done a long study. 

In the Code of Jewish Law, Volume 1 are contained the rules for ‘conduct before rising in the morning.’ Chapter 2 of Volume 1 is about washing hands in the morning. One reason given is that ‘when a man is asleep, the holy soul departs from his body, and an unclean spirit descends upon him. When rising from, sleep the unclean spirit departs from his entire body, except for his fingers, and does not depart until one spills water upon them three times alternately.’

There is another ritual for washing hands correctly.

What is Judaism

Although an Internet search will tell you it was the religion given to Abraham, there is more to it.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Origins_of_Judaism

“During the Babylonian captivity of the 6th and 5th centuries BCE (Iron Age II), certain circles within the exiled Judahites in Babylon refined pre-existing ideas about their Yahweh-centric monolatrism, election, divine law and Covenant into a strict monotheistic theology which came to dominate the former Kingdom of Judah in the following centuries.

From the 5th century BCE until 70 CE, Israelite religion developed into the various theological schools of Second Temple Judaism, besides Hellenistic Judaism in the diaspora. Second Temple eschatology have similarities with Zoroastrianism. .The text of the Hebrew Bible was redacted into its extant form in this period and possibly also canonized as well.”

Judaism, Tanakh scroll

Rabbinic Judaism developed during Late Antiquity, during the 3rd to 6th centuries CE; the Masoretic Text of the Hebrew Bible and the Talmud were compiled in this period. The oldest manuscripts of the Masoretic tradition come from the 10th and 11th centuries CE; in the form of the Aleppo Codex of the later portions of the 10th century CE and the Leningrad Codex dated to 1008–1009 CE. Due largely to censoring and the burning of manuscripts in medieval Europe the oldest existing manuscripts of various rabbinical works are quite late. The oldest surviving complete manuscript copy of the Babylonian Talmud is dated to 1342 CE.”

Note: ‘refined pre-existing ideas.’
            5th century BCE until 70 CE (covers the time of Christ)

            The rest of the text quoted came after the destruction of the Temple in Jerusalem in 70 AD

And there is more

“The history of Rabbinic Judaism is closely linked to the rabbinic tradition, which dates back to the time of Alexander the Great with the siege of Tyre (332 BC). The formation of the outlook of the Jews which led to the formation of their religion began in the second millennium BC in Canaan.

Rabbinic tradition holds that the details and interpretation of the Torah (Written Law), which are called the Oral Torah or oral law, were originally an unwritten tradition based upon what God told Moses on Mount Sinai. However, as the persecutions of the Jews increased and the details were in danger of being forgotten, these oral laws were recorded by rabbi Judah ha-Nasi (“Judah the Prince”) in the Mishnah, redacted circa 200 CE.”

Could this be why Jesus said “And He answered and said to them, “Why do you yourselves transgress the commandment of God for the sake of your tradition?”
Matthew 15:3

He knew God’s law, they had the law fenced in by their traditions.

 

Concluding, for now

This is merely scratching the surface of what researching many sources has turned up, but it has given me a whole new understanding of not only the gospels, but also the seeming contradictions in the writing of the Apostle Paul.

As mentioned in a previous post, it is our choice what we believe. However, we need to find the facts. <smile> 
It Started Way Back in Eden.

God bless and encourage you

Susan

Wise Men

Wise men

Wise men, kings, Magi? Who were they, where did they come from, and when did they visit Jesus?

Lots of questions, and some theories from research.

So, were they kings or wise men?

According to https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Biblical_Magi “The Magi are popularly referred to as wise men and kings.”

Who were they and where did they come from can be taken as one question… in my mind anyway. Although there are many theories of where they came from, I favour this one.

“The Bible states that they were from “the East,” which would be in the direction of Babylon and ancient Persia. Of all the peoples of “the East,” the Babylonians had many opportunities to learn of the Jewish Scriptures, which contain multiple promises of the coming Messiah. Daniel was an influential government official in Babylon about 600 years earlier, and he foretold the coming of the Messiah (Daniel 9:24–26). Also, tens of thousands of Jews lived in Babylon during the time of the Exile (605–536 BC), and they maintained a large presence there for the following centuries.” https://answersingenesis.org/holidays/christmas/we-three-kings/

The Magi were ‘wise men.’

It says in the quote above that tens of thousands of Jews lived in Babylon…. And they maintained a large presence there for the following centuries.

Centuries?

So many centuries that it is mentioned that the Apostle Peter went to Babylon.

 “The church that is at Babylon, elected together with you, saluteth you; and so doth Marcus my son.” 
1 Peter 5:13, KJV

This raises a number of issues and many theories, most of which I have studied, but this is not the purpose of this post. Let’s just take it at its word.

This next quote explains ‘magi.’ 

The word magi is the plural of Latin magus, borrowed from Greek μάγος (magos), as used in the original Greek text of the Gospel of Matthew (in the plural: μάγοι, magoi). Greek magos itself is derived from Old Persian maguŝ from the Avestan magâunô, i.e., the religious caste into which Zoroaster was born (see Yasna 33.7: “ýâ sruyê parê magâunô” = “so I can be heard beyond Magi”). The term refers to the Persian priestly caste of Zoroastrianism. As part of their religion, these priests paid particular attention to the stars and gained an international reputation for astrology, which was at that time highly regarded as a science. Their religious practices and use of astrology caused derivatives of the term Magi to be applied to the occult in general and led to the English term magic. The King James Version translates the term as wise men; the same translation is applied to the wise men led by Daniel of earlier Hebrew Scriptures (Daniel 2:48).

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Biblical_Magi

When did the wise men (Magi) visit Jesus?

The traditional view presented in films, such as The Nativity Story, is that the wise men saw Jesus on the night of His birth, but this is highly unlikely. Matthew 2:1 reveals that the magi came to Jerusalem and subsequently visited with Herod after Jesus had been born.
https://answersingenesis.org/holidays/christmas/we-three-kings/

It is highly implausible that the wise men would arrive in Jerusalem at night and immediately obtain an audience with Herod. The king then gathered “all the chief priests and scribes of the people” (Matthew 2:4) so he could determine where the Messiah was to be born. The experts told Herod that the Messiah needed to be born in Bethlehem, which was predicted in Micah 5:2. So, the wise men departed and made their approximately six-mile journey to Bethlehem.

Continuing from another source…

https://www.neverthirsty.org/bible-qa/qa-archives/question/how-old-was-jesus-when-the-wise-men-found-him/

After coming into the house they saw the Child with Mary His mother; and they fell to the ground and worshiped Him. Then, opening their treasures, they presented to Him gifts of gold, frankincense, and myrrh. Matthew 2:11 (NASB)

Verse 11 states that Jesus was living in a house. This reveals that Jesus’ parents had moved to a house. Contrary to popular nativity scenes and paintings, Christ was now living in a house when the magi visited Him. His parents had moved from the location of the manger to this house. There were no shepherds or angels when the magi stopped to worship Him and give Him gifts.

See previous post…
Traditional Nativity Scenes Are Often Wrong

The Slaughter of the Innocents

King Herod ordered the execution of all male children under two years old.

slaughter of innocents
Duccio di Buoninsegna, Public domain, via Wikimedia Commons

Note:

Much of this post is comprised of quotes from other sources. They are to demonstrate that these are not wild theories of mine. Just food for thought for you to explore and make up your own mind.

God bless,

Susan

Traditional Nativity Scenes Are Often Wrong

Nativity scene often wrong

Why is the traditional Nativity Scene wrong? Because if it is pictured like the one in the featured image the wrong people are there.

Really?

Yes, really.

Why?

Please read on.

Before the Nativity Scene

First comes the account of the birth of Christ, described in detail by Luke in the account he wrote under the inspiration of God.

Luke 2: 2, 3: “(This registration first occurred when Quirinius was governor of Syria.) Then all went to be registered, each to his own city” 

Joseph was of the line of David, who was born in Bethlehem, https://biography.yourdictionary.com/david

Joseph and Mary were living down in the area of Galilee.

Luke 2:4 – 9  “And Joseph also went up from Galilee, out of the city of Nazareth, into Judea, to the City of David, which is called Bethlehem, because he was from the house and lineage of David to register himself along with Mary, who was betrothed to him as wife, and was great with child. And it came to pass that during the time they were there, the days were fulfilled for her to give birth” And she gave birth to her Son, the firstborn, and wrapped Him in swaddling clothes, and laid Him in a manger, because there was no place for them in the inn. Now there were shepherds in the same country, who were dwelling in the fields and keeping watch over their flock by night and keeping watch over their flock by night, and suddenly an angel of the Lord stood by them, and the glory of the Lord shined round about them; and they were seized with great fear”

The time of the birth/nativity scene

Mary and Joseph  were in Bethlehem when Jesus was born because it was prophesied that He would be born there.

No place at the inn, Was it an Inn?

They were in a stable. A little later they were in a house.

The angel announced the birth to the shepherds.

Luke 2: 10: “But the angel said to them, ‘Do not be afraid; for behold, I am announcing to you glad tidings of great joy, which shall be to all people. ‘For today, in the city of David, a Savior was born to you, Who is Christ the Lord. Now, this is the sign for you: you shall find a Babe wrapped in swaddling clothes, lying in a manger.’ And suddenly there was with the angel a multitude of the heavenly host praising God, and saying, ‘Glory to God in the highest, and peace on earth among men of goodwill.’ And it came to pass, as the angels were departing from them into heaven, that the shepherds said to one another, ‘Let us go now as far as Bethlehem, and let us see this thing that has taken place, which the Lord has made known to us'” (vs 11-15).

Angel announces birth of Christ to shepherd
Rembrandt, Public domain, via Wikimedia Commons

Luke 2: 16: “And they made haste, and came and found both Mary and Joseph, and the Babe lying in the manger. Now after seeing Him, they made known everywhere the proclamation that they had been told concerning this little Child. And all those who heard were filled with wonder by the things that were spoken to them by the shepherds.”

After the birth

Then the Magi, (often called the ‘wise men,’ or ‘three kings’) visited Herod looking for this child who had been born king. After all, Herod was the king at the time.

Now to Matthew’s account…

Matthew 2: 7 – 9: “Then Herod secretly called for the Magi and ascertained from them the exact time of the appearing of the star….And he sent them to Bethlehem, saying, ‘Go and search diligently for the little Child; and when you have found Him, bring word back to me, so that I also may go and worship Him. And after hearing the king, they departed; and behold, the star that they had seen in the east went in front of them, until it came and stood over the house where the little Child was. And after seeing the star, they rejoiced with exceedingly great joy. And when they had come into the house, they found the little Child with Mary His mother…”

This time they were in a house. Note, it also said they found the Child (not baby) with Mary, His mother.

So, it does not seem from these accounts that the Magi came to the stable at the time of the birth.

To me, point proven. Other than Mary and Joseph, only the shepherd boys witnessed the newborn Christ. Most nativity scenes, however attractive, are wrong, and of all the images I looked at the only one where the shepherds are not replaced by the Magi, who were still travelling,  is the Rembrandt one. (Above)

Just thinking

Susan

The Stone of Scone

Scones

The Stone of Scone has many names which I will mention later, but one of the most prominent difficulties is one of mispronunciation. Scone, to me, means fluffy baked goods as pictured – also identified by myself as ‘biscuits’ in my trips to hotels in Southern America.

It is actually pronounced  ‘Scoon.

The Stone of Scone (/ˈskn/Scottish GaelicAn Lia FáilScotsStane o Scuin)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stone_of_Scone

The Stone of Scone…

Here are some of those other names for the Stone of Scoon.

The Stone of Destiny; the Coronation Stone; the Stone of Jacob; and others including the Bethel Stone.

History

  • In 1292 John Balliol was the last king to use the Stone of Destiny.
  • In 1296 it was captured by Edward I of England and taken to Westminster Abbey in London.
  • It sat under the coronation chair, where English and British sovereigns sit during their coronation, for 700 years.
  • On Christmas Day 1950, four nationalist Scottish students removed the stone from Westminster Abbey and brought it back to Scotland. After a public outcry, it was found a few months later at Arbroath Abbey, draped in a Saltire, and taken back to Westminster Abbey by the police.
  • It was last used at the coronation of HM The Queen in 1953.
  • On St Andrews Day (30 November) 1996, the Stone of Destiny was returned to Scotland amid much ceremony and celebration and put in Edinburgh Castle alongside the Honours of Scotland. About 10,000 people lined the Royal Mile in Edinburgh to watch a procession of dignitaries and troops escort the stone from the Palace of Holyroodhouse at the bottom of the mile, to the castle.

https://www.visitscotland.com/about/uniquely-scottish/honours-scotland-stone-destiny/

In the bullet point history lies a wealth of feeling, especially if you have a tendency to Scottish Nationalism.

Sitting on the Stone of Scone

Stone of Scone replica
By sarniebill1 - https://www.flickr.com/photos/sarniebill/3481265834/, CC BY 2.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=6886393

I sat on this replica of the stone when I was about nine or ten years old. Every week Primary School students paid threepence ). (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Threepence_(British_coin)
This money was used to take the class on an outing… then one of historical significance. The site of Flodden Field, the Battle of Bannockburn as well as other Scottish historical sites. One of these was to Scone (Scoon) Abbey and the replica of the Coronation stone of the kings of Scotland. It was long before the days of digital cameras, so I have no evidence, but I guess my surviving classmates also sat on this replica ‘stone of destiny.’

Concluding

So, although it may sound like a stale tea time pastry, the Stone of Scone is an ancient symbol of Scottish sovereignty. According to legend, the sandstone slab was used by the biblical figure Jacob as a pillow when he dreamed of a ladder reaching to heaven and then brought to Scotland by way of Egypt, Spain and Ireland.
Nov 14, 2016
Copied from www.history.com – but site temporarily blocked.

And it is pronounced Scoon.

Language is a strange thing.

Susan

Life as a Carer

Life of a Carer is lonely

Life as a Carer often involves being a ‘parental’ figure. Often the person being cared for does not have an accurate view of his or her condition. This is a hard part of the Carer’s job. Being the one who assesses what is needed for every hospital appointment, how to travel there safely and what medications might be missed/needed during the time away from home. And if the person being cared for is on supplemental oxygen, will the cylinder have enough oxygen to last until the return home?

Carers often have the unenviable role of ‘nurse’, and – there’s more…

Carers often have to learn…

Carer learning
  • About the disease, its treatment and management
  • About the medications prescribed including what they are for, any special instructions and potential side effects
    • Sometimes these put the Carer into the role of ‘antagonist’ to the person they are trying to support, often the person they love.

The Carer needs…

  • Skills to help manage the fatigue, pain, frustration and isolation that people with chronic disease often get – as well as their own.
  • To be able to communicate effectively with health professionals by answering questions accurately, asking your own questions and making sure you understand the information provided to you. (If possible, talk about the information needed with the person you are caring for and write the questions down… and take them with you.)

Contact with other Carers. 

This can be by phone, by arranging respite for even a few hours and meeting others, or another, who is in a similar position to yours. 

Some ideas on this site

My experience as a Carer

One of my huge frustrations, and my late husband’s also, was that the specialist/doctor or whoever wanted him to answer questions. However, he did not understand the terms they used, and having been a nurse, I did. But, at least to begin with they did not want to hear my observations on his condition.

This had a counterpoint (opposing viewpoint) – sometimes my observations and his – clashed. I saw deterioration in his condition, he did not.

I remember attending a workshop for carers… At some point we were given a list of all the roles a Carer performed. It was a long list.

Long list

Something else a Carer needs – is understanding – or at least acceptance.

If you know someone who is a Carer – try to ‘cut them some slack’ – one of the first things that happens is they become ‘unreliable.’

  • They cannot make arrangements to have friends come to visit, or go to visit them. So many times they will have to cancel any arrangements. So, either the friends drop them, or they withdraw rather than face the embarrassment of having to cancel… again.
    • You will have to understand. (Or give up on the person.) It would be kinder to expect nothing and accept that it is a black or white spectrum. There are no shades of grey in this kind of life.

If you decide to care for the Carer… and the person.

  • Be understanding.
  • Accept that arrangements might change without notice, and do not take offence if they do.
  • Be a person they can trust with their feelings.

 

The life of a Carer is one of service

Being a Carer for a loved one is a very difficult ‘role’, so you need to accept that it is a way of life – their way of life. Lives which revolve around medical appointments, tests, medication times, and sometimes hospital admissions. These are the ‘outings’ for the Carer and person being cared for.

Whether the person is a Carer of an adult, a child, or someone in between, caring for someone with Alzheimer’s disease, or any form of dementia – in spite of differences in the type of care, they face the same loneliness. Sometimes the Carer never ‘gets’ their friends back. Without a supportive family or network, isolation sets in and becomes a way of life.

On the outside, isolated near people. It is a lonely place to be.

Remember, there are some options and help

 https://www.carergateway.gov.au/help-advice/getting-help#a3

Susan

PS

I had to give in and let my doctor send me in to the hospital.

This post was written for last week, the 17th October, 2020 but after discharge I was still unwell and unable to sit at the computer for long enough to upload it. My apologies.

Blame or Choice?

blame leads to a fight

With all the riots, protests and demonstrations in so many places around the world, blaming someone else is easy. It is usually someone in authority we point the finger of blame at, but are we joining a herd response?

On a personal level, who is to blame for the fact I have not had an Internet connection for a few days?

Does it really matter?

Perhaps.

There were many mistakes, as well as frustrations, but the start of it all was a choice I made.

Nearly every situation that goes wrong can trace itself back to a choice on our part or, in this instance, on my part. It should have moved smoothly but it did not.

The blame game

pointing the finger of blame

Pointing the finger and blaming someone else is not a ‘new’ phenomenon. Currently in many countries in the world there is a lot of pointing fingers of blame. It is more prevalent in recent times, but the history of blaming someone else takes us back to the beginning of recorded human history.

Most people know the story of Adam and Eve and the serpent… some blame the serpent, some blame Eve, some blame Adam.

Which of them was to blame?

My opinion? We can rule out the serpent. As it says in Genesis 3: 1 “Now the serpent was more cunning than any beast of the field which the Lord God had made…

The serpent did not force either of them to eat the fruit of the tree they were told not to eat. He distorted what God had said, but first the woman chose to disobey God’s instructions, then Adam also disobeyed.

They each made choices, and neither of them accepted the blame for the choice they had made.

When questioned by God later… Adam excused himself by saying “the woman whom You gave to be with me, she gave me of the tree and I ate.” Gen 3: 12

Interesting. Adam blamed the woman… and is there a hint of blame toward God? ‘The woman whom You gave me.’ Sounds a bit as if there is.

Adam also blamed Eve. Yet Adam had been instructed by God before this incident. He should have intervened.

Was Eve to blame?

Traditionally she has been blamed, but look at her response.

She blamed the serpent. Her response to God’s question was ‘The serpent deceived me and I ate.”

In fact, neither she nor Adam took responsibility for their own actions.

Are we any different? Do we accept blame if we have made a wrong choice?

Each of us is the only one who can answer that. Can we do it honestly?

Interesting story here

If asked, how would we respond if questioned about the actions we took, or chose not to take?

Something to think about,

God bless

Susan

The death of a child

death of a child brings pain

 

The death of a child is always horrendous, whatever the reason. But what if the child is missing, presumed dead? A thread of hope perhaps?

As a relative of one missing person relates… “… [the sister of the missing person] said her parents still suffered from the doubt surrounding the disappearance.”

www.news.com.au/news/vanished-without-a-trace-the-mystery-of-the-girls-who-went-missing/news-story/1f9da6564bf58fdfb6f6532c5e7b5d2f

What’s worse? Missing, presumed dead, or confirmation of the death.

Any parent whose child has died will tell you a similar thing. You don’t ‘get over’ the death of a child, but over time you get used to it, but there is always that ‘empty chair,’ that space in the heart.

Murder is not the only cause of death though.

death of a child is traumatic

Death of a child by suicide

This leaves so many unanswered questions for those who are left behind.

Suicide accounted for 1.4% of all deaths worldwide, making it the 18th leading cause of death in 2016. https://www.who.int/mental_health/prevention/suicide/suicideprevent/en/

Stigma – some people never admit that their child was a suicide. Those who know the family sometimes avoid the subject.

The isolation of the parent(s) is therefore increased.

Guilt and blame – Feeling guilty about an argument with a child before the suicide? The cause was more than one argument. For a child (or anyone) to commit suicide the causes have been building up for a long time.

“Losing any relative to suicide is traumatic, but there’s probably no greater nightmare [than losing a child to suicide], since parents feel their job is to support their children, care for them, make them happy, and make their lives good, so suicide can make parents feel like a failure in this most important job of their lives,” he commented. (Dr Zisook)

https://www.psychiatryadvisor.com/home/topics/suicide-and-self-harm/those-left-behind-working-with-suicide-bereaved-families/

Disease as the cause of the death of a child

The picture that springs to mind is of Mum and/or Dad sitting by the bed of a child dying of cancer, or leukaemia, but there are many more causes of death of a child. Some of this is dependent on what part of the world in which the family lives. Starvation, dysentery, pneumonia or other diseases which could be cured by antibiotics are distressing causes of childhood deaths.

This report gives some information https://www.unicef.org/health/childhood-diseases

There are other causes

Perhaps, like me, you, or someone you know has had ‘the knock’ and there is a policeman or two on the door.

https://www.susanprestonauthor.com/why-i-hated-silent-night/

My thoughts and prayers are with those whose children have died, I know the shock and I know the pain.

God bless

Susan

Staying out of Hospital, just!

staying out of hospital, had enough of this

As the title says.. I am ‘staying out of hospital… just.’

This is why there was no Sunday post last Sunday. 

My doctor has increased medications and will be ringing me twice a day. No improvement, and it will be hospital. 

Staying out of hospital for this reason

And this is the reason I do not want to go to hospital! Well, one of them.

My doctor’s reason is that I am too vulnerable and could ‘catch something else.”

I very much appreciate her!

I am not a ‘fan’ of prednisone. It has too many side effects, but in the short term it seems to be working. Although it is boring to so what I am told… as little as possible, my oxygen sats are not dropping as low as they were, and that’s when walking a short distance in my home.

By the way, I started separating the non-fiction oxygen writings to another website. It’s not finished by a long way, but it’s started.

You can see it here… https://smpreston.com/

That’s it for now, thank you for reading.

God bless,

Susan

Father’s Day, Australia

Father's Day Australia in spring

Father’s Day in Australia is on Sunday 6th September. Well, this year it was. It falls each year on the first Sunday in September. Mother’s Day is on the second Sunday in May.

There are many ‘picky’ comments about why the day is celebrated on different days in the countries that ‘keep’ it, however, in this post, I will look at the origin. At the same time, I recognize that this is not a ‘happy’ time for many children, or fathers. Although it is another subject,  I wanted to recognize this fact.

Origin of Father’s Day

“In May of 1909, Sonora Smart Dodd of Spokane, Wash., sat in church listening to a Mother’s Day sermon. She decided she wanted to designate a day for her dad , William Jackson Smart. Dodd’s mother had died in childbirth, and Dodd’s father, a Civil War veteran, had taken the responsibility of singlehandedly raising the newborn and his other five children.

The following year, Dodd wanted to celebrate Father’s Day on June 5th, her father’s birthday, and petitioned for the holiday to be recognized in her city.”
Read more

Father’s Day, Australia

There is no definitive explanation why Father’s Day is celebrated in Australia and New Zealand on the first Sunday in September, though it is clear that the custom of the September date began in the mid 1930s.

An article in the Western Herald in 1964 said the day was officially designated as the first Sunday in September across the Commonwealth in 1964 and that the date was chosen for commercial reasons to distance it from other celebrations. This is similar to the date selected in Scandanavia, where November was also chosen to maximise its commercial value.
Read more

Jumping back in time

Could this be the start?

Honor your father and your mother, that your days may be long upon the land which the Lord God gives you.
Exodus 20.12

And in case you read over it without paying too much attention, as we are often prone to do… here is another way of looking at it…

God says in Leviticus 20 verse 9…

“For every one that curses his father or his mother shall be surely put to death: he has cursed his father or his mother; his blood shall be on him.”

Therefore it is clear that God’s instruction in the 5th commandment to honor parents was not a mere suggestion for children.

https://www.susanprestonauthor.com/old-covenant-new-covenant/

Fathers and children

Here is a recognition for you…

Hugs

Happy Father's Day, Australia

Tread softly, and remember we are not wearing their shoes.

Susan