The Biblical day ended at sunset and a new one started. This was the most difficult fact to ‘get my head around’ when writing the first few books in the Apostle John Series. After that, I became almost accustomed to it.
Almost… because I live in a world where the day begins at 00.00 or 00.01 hours. I think that’s one second after midnight. If you think about it… that’s odd. However, if you have known nothing else it is probably not something you even think about. But it is something that needs to be understood when writing Biblical fiction, or even in understanding the Bible.
Evidence for the start of the Biblical day
“Then God said, “Let there be light”; and there was light. And God saw the light, that it was good; and God divided the light from the darkness. God called the light Day, and the darkness He called Night. So the evening and the morning were the first day.”
Genesis 1: 3 – 5 NKJV
There is a footnote to verse 4 “Lit. And evening was, and morning was, a day, one.”
Sabbath keepers observe the Sabbath from sunset Friday until sunset Saturday.
Some other references…
Genesis 1:8 And God called the firmament Heaven. And the evening and the morning were the second day.
Genesis 1:13 And the evening and the morning were the third day.
Genesis 1:19 And the evening and the morning were the fourth day.
Genesis 1:23 And the evening and the morning were the fifth day.
Genesis 1:31 And God saw every thing that he had made, and, behold, it was very good. And the evening and the morning were the sixth day.
Leviticus 23:32 It shall be unto you a sabbath of rest, and ye shall afflict your souls: in the ninth day of the month at even, from even unto even, shall ye celebrate your sabbath.
Well, that is clearly God’s view and if you believe in the Bible, then God’s view is the correct view.
How did the start of the Biblical day change?
I found two theories.
- The reason a new day starts at 12:00 goes back to ancient Egypt when the day was measured using sundials. … Since the highest point of the day was noon, the opposite has to be midnight that was when the 12 started over again, so that’s why the day starts at midnight.
- The Babylonians developed midnight to midnight. Cyclopedia of Biblical, Theological, and Ecclesiastical Literature, Vol. 2, p. 702) This page lists several religions and their views of the start of the day.
The Babylonians are also ‘credited with the ‘invention’ of the zodiac. They associated and created their beliefs around planets based on the nature of the god associated with it. … This gives reference to which gods the Babylonian astrologers associated to regions of the sky or space, and is an example of how the gods were associated with the stars and planets.
Both are possibilities
The Israelites (all 12 sons of Jacob, whose name was changed to Israel) lived in Egypt for several generations before they were made slaves. Much of their Hebrew heritage could have been lost as the new generations succeeded one another.
(Remember the ‘golden calf’ incident.)
In 722 B.C.E., the northern half of Hebrew lands known as Israel was invaded and mostly destroyed by the Assyrians. The southern half, known as Judea, survived until around 597 B.C.E., when the Babylonians defeated the Judeans and carried most of them back as captives to Babylon.
More information here… https://www.britannica.com/event/Babylonian-Captivity
To understand the Bible
Whether for a better understanding of what you are reading, or to research it for a book or an article, find the time.
Why were the Hebrews (Israelites) slaves in Egypt? They did not go there as captives.
Why did the Israelites become two nations? And a related one… when did they become two nations?
When did the tribe of Judah go into captivity in Babylon? Why?
Synagogue worship and Judaism were ‘born’ during the Babylonian captivity, does this change your understanding of the Bible?
All these background pieces of information, and many others, are some of the background of the 1st century believers.
As I have said before, it is like a treasure hunt.
But lots of fun